Git Definitions

Glossary of Key Terms

Git Branch

A branch is a pointer to a specific commit. The branch pointer moves along with each new commit you make and only diverges in the graph if a commit is made on a common ancestor commit. Learn More

Git Checkout

In Git, the checkout command tells Git which branch or commit you want your changes applied.

Checking out a branch will update your repo’s files to match the snapshot of whichever commit the branch points to. Learn More

Git Cherry Pick

The cherry pick command takes changes from a target commit and places them onto the HEAD of your currently checked-out branch. Learn More

Git Clone

The Git clone command is used to make a copy, or clone, of an existing Git repository into a local directory. Cloning in Git will create a new local directory for the cloned repository, copy all contents of the specified remote repository, and checkout an initial branch in the new local repo.

By default, the Git clone command will create a reference to the remote repository named origin and create the remote tracking branches, which can all be seen by running git branch -a. Learn More

Git Commit

A commit represents a snapshot of your repository at a specific point in time. A commit is performed in Git as a method of applying local file changes to a Git repository after they have been staged in your working directory. Learn More

Git Merge

The Git merge command allows you to incorporate changes made in a branch into any other branch. Learn More

Git Rebase

The Git rebase command takes a commit, or group of commits, from a source branch and applies them on top of a target branch. Learn More

Git Stash

The Git stash command will take the state of your current working directory and save it on a stack of unfinished changes that can be reapplied at any time. This will revert back to the HEAD commit with a clean working directory. Only tracked files can be stashed. Learn More

Get updates when we publish new concepts by signing up for our newsletter!